Konseling Lansia: Upaya Lanjut Usia dalam Membangun Kemandirian Hidup dan Penerimaan Diri Terhadap Kesiapan Memasuki Masa Pensiun (Studi Pada Lansia di Bina Keluarga Lansia Posyandu Cempaka Kabupaten Ngawi)

  • Diana Ariswanti Triningtyas Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling FKIP Universitas PGRI Madiun1
  • Siti Muhayati Program Studi Pendidikan Teknik Elektro FKIP Universitas PGRI Madiun
Keywords: Independence of Life, Self Acceptance, Elderly Counseling

Abstract

In Indonesia, there are currently around 21 million elderly people or about 9.6% of the entire population of Indonesia. This shows that the Indonesian state has begun to belong to the aging population group. This research is motivated by the motivation of how to work for the elderly in building the independence of life. The purpose of the research is to describe and analyze the psychological impacts that affect the readiness to enter retirement, as well as how to build life independence and self-acceptance towards readiness to retire. The research design is qualitative descriptive. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling. Sources of data are obtained from informants, places, events and documents. Data collection techniques through participatory observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. Data analysis is carried out through stages, namely the data reduction stage, data presentation stage, and conclusions. Data validity, with technical triangulation, is by checking data to the same source with different techniques. The results of the study indicate that the independence of life of the elderly is relative. Psychological impacts that arise in the readiness to enter retirement for the elderly include aspects of health, economic aspects and social aspects. Understanding and building self-reliance and self-acceptance of readiness to retire in the Ngawi Cempaka Posyandu Family Elderly  through Elderly Counseling.

References

Barlian, N. A. (2016). Pengaruh Tipe Kepribadian, Kontrak Psikologis, Komitmen Organisasi, motivasi Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Dan Kinerja Karyawan Di Rumah Sakit ParuKabupaten Jember. Jurnal Relasi Stie Mandala Jember, 12(1), 366–373.

BKKBN. (2015). Buku Saku Kegiatan KKN Mahasiswa. Surabaya: Perwakilan BKKBN Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Etikan, I., Musa, S. A., & Alkassim, R. S. (2016). Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1), 1–4.

Fardila, N., Rahmi, T., & Putra, Y. Y. (2017). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Keluarga dengan Kesiapan Menghadapi Pensiun Pada Pegawai Negeri Sipil. Jurnal RAP, 5(2), 157–168.

Gladding, S. T. (2012). Konseling Profesi yang Menyeluruh. Jakarta: Indeks.

Hammersley, M. (2018). Routledge Revivals: The Dilemma of Qualitative Method (1989): Herbert Blumer and the Chicago Tradition. New York: Routledge.

Hariyadi, Y. (2014). Hubungan Antara Penerimaan Diri Lansia dengan Angka Harapan Hidup di Kelurahan Wates Kota Mojokerto. Medica Majapahit, 6(2), 78–95.

Hurlock, E. B. (2008). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Kartinah, K., & Sudaryanto, A. (2017). Masalah Psikososial Pada Lanjut Usia. Berita Ilmu Keperawatan, 1(2), 93–96.

Marlita, L., Saputra, R., & Yamin, M. (2018). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Kemandirian Lansia dalam Melakukan Activity Daily Living (ADL) di UPT PSTW Khusnul Khotimah. Jurnal Keperawatan Abdurrab, 1(2), 64–68.

Mönks, F. J., Knoers, A. M. P., & Haditono, S. R. (1985). Psikologi Perkembangan: Pengantar dalam berbagai bagiannya. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Safitri, B. R. (2013). Kesiapan Menghadapi Masa Pensiun Ditinjau dari Peran Gender Karyawan. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, 1(2), 191–204.

Suardiman, S. P. (2011). Psikologi: Usia Lanjut. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Supratiknya, A. (1995). Komunikasi Antar Pribadi, Tinjauan Psikologis. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Triningtyas, D. A., & Muhayati, S. (2018). Activity Daily Living : Studi Pada Lanjut Usia di Bina Keluarga Lansia Posyandu Cempaka Kabupaten Ngawi. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

Uraningsari, F., & Djalali, M. A. (2016). Penerimaan Diri, Dukungan Sosial dan Kebahagiaan Pada Lanjut Usia. Persona: Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 5(1), 15–27.

Yusuf, A., Nihayati, H. E., & Abidin, Z. (2017). Cognitive Therapy Decrease the Level of Depression. Jurnal Ners, 3(2), 163–169.

Published
2018-11-05
How to Cite
Triningtyas, D., & Muhayati, S. (2018). Konseling Lansia: Upaya Lanjut Usia dalam Membangun Kemandirian Hidup dan Penerimaan Diri Terhadap Kesiapan Memasuki Masa Pensiun (Studi Pada Lansia di Bina Keluarga Lansia Posyandu Cempaka Kabupaten Ngawi). JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia), 4(1), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.21067/jki.v4i1.2739