Submission Preparation

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published.
  2. The manuscript is free of plagiarism (Turnitin < 20%).
  3. The submission file is in Microsoft Word.
  4. The manuscript follows Author Guidelines.

General Writing Format

  1. The manuscript is prepared in an A4 paper, one column, and a single line spacing format.
  2. A new paragraph should start 1 centimeter from the left margin, using 12 font size, Palatino Linotype font type.
  3. The manuscript is written in Indonesian or English
  4. The manuscript must be between 3,500 until 7,000 words.
  5. The top, bottom, left and right margins are 1,5 
  6. The title is written using capital letters only on the first sentence, 14 font size, left align.
  7. Subtitles are written using capital letters in every word except for connecting words, 12 font size, started from the left margin.
  8. Sub of subtitles, if any, are written using capital letters only at the beginning of each word except for connecting words. They should be started from the left margin.
  9. References should be those of the last ten years publication (>80%), except for key references. Referring to any textbook should be minimized (<20%).
  10. Reference writing uses APA Style and is required using Mendeley or Endnote reference software
  11. Acknowledgment, if any, should include the funding agency

Structure of the Manuscripts

  1. Title
    The title should be clear and informative and should not be abbreviated and not more than 14 words. Write an article title using simple and straightforward language.
  2. Author's names and institutions
    Write the full name of each author without including the academic title. Authors should include the name of institutional including department/faculty, university, city, and country. The author casts one of the authors as a corresponding author with an email and university address.
  3. Abstract and keywords
    The abstract is written in English and Indonesian, and no more than 300 words for each language version. Authors should select 3 to 6 keywords or phrases that are specific and reflect what is essential about the article. 
  4. Introduction
    This section describes the background of the study, a review of previous research, gap analysis and research objectives. The important point in this section is that the authors should be able to show the importance and novelty of the research done. A review of previous research investigates the gap that will be exposed and solved. We highly advise author(s) to use current and primary sources from trusted references that published no more than 10 years. The flow of all the ideas are required to be clear, linked, well-crafted and well developed. It serves as the source of the research question and especially the base or the hypotheses that respond to the research objective. For quantitative research with hypothesis testing, write your hypothesis in the following format:
    H1: Write the formulated hypothesis
  5. Methods
    This section explains how this research is conducted. This section should cover the following points: the research’s design; reasons for choosing the particular methods are well described; the sample’s design; the data collection processes; the data analysis methods are relevant.
  6. Results
    This section explains the results of the study contains several subsections, for quantitative research consisting of descriptive analysis, data analysis result, research analysis (to test hypothesis-if any). For qualitative research, author(s) can directly state their research analysis without dividing it into subsections. At the end of your analysis, please don’t forget to mention what is your research proportion. The author needs to report the results in sufficient detail so that the reader can see which statistical analysis was conducted and why, and later to justify their conclusions.
  7. Discussion
    In this section, the author discusses the results of the study and should be able to explore novelty according to the topic under study. The discussion should develop an argument by correlating results, theory, and opinion, including comparative results of previous research. It is important to state the possibility of contributing results of the research for science development. The discussion section should not merely restate the findings reported in the result section or report additional findings that have not been discussed earlier in the article.
  8. Conclusions
    The conclusion should be the answer to the research problem, an unequivocal statement. The author should present brief conclusions from the results of the research with suggestions for advanced researchers or general readers.
  9. References
    This section lists only the literature cited in the body article. The manuscript is expected to involve more than 20 primary and up-to-date references to assert high-quality contributions to knowledge development. Authors are encouraged to cite manuscripts mainly from journals (> 80%) that published no more than 10 years. The author is recommended not to use references from unpublished research results. In addition, authors should avoid excessively referencing their own work (self-citation). Citations and references must strictly follow the APA (American Psychological Association) style. We required that the authors should use reference management software, such as Mendeley or Endnote. Example of References using APA styles:
  1. Acknowledgement (optional)
    This section is provided for the author to express his gratitude either for the research funders or the other parties who contribute to research realization.

Tables and Figures. Tables should be presented as follows:

  1. The name of tables and figures should follow a numbering system (Table 1, Figure 1). The table title is placed at the top, while the image title is placed at the bottom.
  2. The tables and figures should provide the source of information, if any, at the bottom.
  3. The table contains row lines only without column lines.
  4. The equations should be numerically numbered consecutively in parentheses with aligning right margin, and it can use either the same font (Garamond) or the formula font.