Re-evaluating Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire Construct: A Validation Study in the Pharmaceutical Sector of Punjab, Pakistan Context

Talha Imam, Irma Tyasari, Munwar Hussain Pahi


Current study inspected the psychometric properties of multifactor leadership questionnaire (MLQ) in pharmaceutical sector of Pakistan. Data was collected from 370 employees working in pharmaceutical companies in Lahore region of Punjab, Pakistan. Data was analyzed by using Smart-PLS 2.0 M3 statistical software. The results of the current study demonstrated that all the leadership styles in MLQ were adequately relevant according to the Pakistani context. The results further revealed that each leadership style showed optimum internal consistency reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity. Based on the current study results, it is highly suggested that the use of MLQ instrument would be very useful in order to measure the leadership styles in Pakistan, particularly in pharmaceutical sector.

Penelitian mengekplorasi psychometric kepemimpinan multifaktor (MLQ) sektor farmasi di Pakistan. Data dikumpulkan dari 370 karyawan yang bekerja di perusahaan farmasi di wilayah Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Smart-PLS 2.0 M3. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua gaya kepemimpinan di MLQ cukup relevan sesuai dengan konteks Pakistan. Hasil lebih lanjut mengungkapkan bahwa masing-masing gaya kepemimpinan menunjukkan reliabilitas konsistensi internal yang optimal, validitas konvergen dan validitas diskriminan. Berdasarkan hasil studi saat ini, sangat disarankan bahwa penggunaan instrumen MLQ akan sangat berguna untuk mengukur gaya kepemimpinan di Pakistan, khususnya di sektor farmasi.


Psychometric Analysis; Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire; Leadership Styles

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