Investigasi keterampilan proses sains terintegrasi mahasiswa pendidikan fisika Universitas KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah

Main Article Content

Eko Sujarwanto
Ino Angga Putra

Abstract

Abstract: Science arises and develops by including roles between theory and experiment. Physics, as part of science, is seen as a process, product, and attitude that is called the nature of science (Nature of Science / NOS). Learners obtain and construct science products in physics learning should pay attention to the NOS through Science Process Skills (SPS). This study aims to determine the level of students' understanding of integrated SPS, namely identifying and controlling variables, hypothesizing, operationally defining, graphing and interpreting data, and designing experiments. The research conducted was descriptive quantitative research with survey methods. The research subjects were students of physics teacher candidates at the University of KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah. The results showed that the integrated SPS student physics teacher candidates were still low with an average of 60.20. This shows that students have not yet reached the level of formal operational cognitive development and have not been strong in basic SPS. Students have the highest ability in the aspect of formulating hypotheses while the lowest aspects are operationally defined. An integrated effort needs to be made to increase SPS for students.
 
Abstrak: Sains muncul dan berkembang dengan menyertakan peran antara teori dan eksperimen. Fisika, sebagai bagian dari sains, dipandang sebagai proses, produk, dan sikap yang disebut sebagai hakikat sains (Nature of Science/NOS). Peserta didik memperoleh dan mengkonstruk produk sains di pembelajaran fisika seharusnya memperhatikan NOS melalui Keterampilan Proses Sains (KPS). Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat pemahaman mahasiswa terhadap KPS terintegrasi yaitu mengidentifikasi dan mengontrol variabel, berhipotesis, mendefinisikan secara operasional, membuat grafik dan menginterpretasikan data, serta mendesain eksperimen. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian kuantitatif deskriptif dengan metode survei. Subjek penelitian adalah mahasiswa calon guru fisika di Universitas KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan KPS terintegrasi mahasiswa calon guru fisika masih rendah dengan rata-rata 60,20. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa belum sampai pada tingkat perkembangan kognitif operasional formal dan belum kuat pada KPS dasar. Mahasiswa memiliki kemampuan paling tinggi pada aspek merumuskan hipotesis sedangkan paling rendah aspek mendefinisikan secara operasional. Usaha terpadu perlu dilakukan untuk meningkatkan KPS pada mahasiswa.  

Article Details

How to Cite
Sujarwanto, E., & Putra, I. (2018). Investigasi keterampilan proses sains terintegrasi mahasiswa pendidikan fisika Universitas KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah. Momentum: Physics Education Journal, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.21067/mpej.v2i2.2726
Section
Articles

References

Ambross, J., Meiring, L., & Blignaut, S. (2014). The implementation and development of science process skills in the natural sciences: A case study of teachers’ perceptions. Africa Education Review. https://doi.org/10.1080/18146627.2014.934998

Brotherton, P. N., & Preece, P. F. W. (1995). Science Process Skills: Their nature and interrelationships. Research in Science & Technological Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/0263514950130101

Hasyim, M., Muris, & Yani, A. (2014). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran dan Gaya Belajar terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Peserta Didik Kelas VII SMP Negeri 30 Makassar. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Dan Gaya Belajar Terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Peserta Didik Kelas VII SMP Negeri 30 Makassar, 1(2), 52–56. https://doi.org/10.1089/cbr.2008.0486

Hodosyová, M., Útla, J., MonikaVanyová, Vnuková, P., & Lapitková, V. (2015). The Development of Science Process Skills in Physics Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 982–989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.184

Ibrahim, B., Buffler, A., & Lubben, F. (2009). Profiles of freshman physics students’ views on the nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 46(3), 248–264. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20219

Kruea-In, C., Kruea-In, N., & Fakcharoenphol, W. (2015). A Study of Thai In-Service and Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Understanding of Science Process Skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 993–997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.291

Kruea-In, N., & Thongperm, O. (2014). Teaching of Science Process Skills in Thai Contexts: Status, Supports and Obstacles. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 1324–1329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.228

Lederman, N. G. (1992). Students’ and teachers’ conceptions of the nature of science: A review of the research. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660290404

Monica, K. M. M. (2005). Development and validation of a test of integrated science process skills. Dissertation. University of Pretoria. Retrieved from https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/24239/dissertation.pdf;sequence=1

Moreno, R. (2010). Educational Psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Padilla, M. J. (1990). The science process skills. Research Matters-to the Science Teacher.

Putra, I. A., & Sujarwanto, E. (2017). ANALISIS KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS PESERTA DIDIK MELALUI BAHAN AJAR MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF ALAT. Momentum: Physics Education Journal, 1(2), 91–102. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21067/mpej.v1i2.2013

Raj, R. G., & Devi, S. N. (2014). Science Process Skills And Achievement In Science Among High. Scholarly Research Journal For Interdiciplinary Studies.

Ryder, J., & Leach, J. (1999). University science students’ experiences of investigative project work and their images of science. International Journal of Science Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/095006999290246

Safaah, E. S., Muslim, M., & Liliawati, W. (2017). Teaching Science Process Skills by Using the 5-Stage Learning Cycle in Junior High School. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 895, 012106. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/895/1/012106

Santrock, J. W. (2011). Educational Psychology (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Shahali, E. H. M., & Halim, L. (2010). Development and validation of a test of integrated science process skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 142–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.127

Siahaan, P., Suryani, A., Kaniawati, I., Suhendi, E., & Samsudin, A. (2017). Improving Students’ Science Process Skills through Simple Computer Simulations on Linear Motion Conceptions. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/812/1/012017

Siska, M., Kurnia, K., & Sunarya, Y. (2013). Peningkatan Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa SMA Melalui Pembelajaran Praktikum Berbasis Inkuiri pada Materi Laju Reaksi. Jurnal Riset Dan Praktik Pendidikan Kimia. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc096300

Siswono, H. (2017). Analisis Pengaruh Keterampilan Proses Sains Terhadap Penguasaan Konsep Fisika Siswa. Physics Education Journal, 1(2), 83–90. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21067/mpej.v1i2.1967

Suyidno, Nur, M., Yuanita, L., Prahani, B. K., & Jatmiko, B. (2018). Effectiveness of Creative Responsibility Based Teaching (CRBT) Model on Basic Physics learning to Increase Student’s Scientific Creativity and Responsibility. Journal of Baltic Science Education.

Turiman, P., Omar, J., Daud, A. M., & Osman, K. (2012). Fostering the 21st Century Skills through Scientific Literacy and Science Process Skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.253

Usmeldi. (2016). The development of research-based physics learning model with scientific approach to develop students’ scientific processing skill. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v5i1.5802

Wilcox, B. R., & Lewandowski, H. J. (2017). Students’ views about the nature of experimental physics. Physical
Review Physics Education Research, 13(2), 020110. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.13.020110

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.